Using Fertilizer on Your Vegetable Garden

Using Fertilizer on Your Vegetable Garden

Adding fertilizer in your garden is essential if you want to get good quality produce and increase your yield. There are various fertilizer options available in the market today. Further, you need to test your soil in order to establish the best fertilizer for your soil type. Some of the best fertilizers for your vegetable garden include: organic fertilizers, phosphorus, and nitrogen.

Often, both novice and expert gardeners add more fertilizer in their garden than the vegetables need and this can spoil, rather than improve them. As a gardener, you need to understand that the state of your soil will determine the amount and type of fertilizer you use in the garden.

Essential Nutrients for Plant Growth

Water, light, and nutrients are the basic factors that dominate plant health and growth. As vegetables grow in your garden, they go through an exhaustive procedure that’s likely to deprive it of essential nutrients. You may want to add organic liquid fertilizer to the soil to improve it and ensure that your plants are well nourished.

Types of Fertilizers

Fertilizers meant for vegetable gardens often comprise of oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon. These nutrients are usually absorbed from water and air. A productive garden needs both micro and macronutrients for better growth. Testing your soil goes a long way in establishing the nutrients you need to enhance growth and increase your yield. There are two types of fertilizers you can use for your garden. They are: organic and inorganic, also known as synthetic fertilizers.

  • Organic fertilizers

Today, many people are opting to grow their own vegetables using organic practices. Organic fertilizers are derived from various substances such as green and animal manure, fish emulsion, granite dust blood meal, cottonseed meal, and rock phosphate. There are numerous advantages of using organic fertilizers which include:

  • A big percentage of organic liquid fertilizers provide a moderate albeit constant nutrients for plants
  • Many of them feed your soil with organic matter enabling it to: fight bacterial and fungal diseases, feed soil microbes, enhance its structure and provide it with micronutrients
  • You can easily create some organic fertilizers on your own. These include compost, manure, and organic liquid fertilizer. What’s more DIY organic fertilizers are less costly.

As a gardener, you need to know that some organic fertilizers are bulky and storing them can be a daunting task. Further, the moderate release of nutrients which often depends on the activity of microorganisms in the soil may be a disadvantage especially when it comes to fixing a critical condition that requires sufficient supply of nutrients. Organic liquid fertilizers are potent and you may have to dilute them before use.

  • Synthetic Fertilizers

Synthetic fertilizers are made from artificial substances. These fertilizers are designed to: either be absorbed fast by the plants, or for slow absorption. If you choose to use inorganic fertilizers, you may want to use the slow absorbing type.

Application of Fertilizer to Your Vegetable Garden

The fertilizer application method you choose will be determined by the type of fertilizer you choose. If the soil in your garden is fertile complete with organic materials such as compost, fertilizing it may be an arduous task. However, vegetables need sufficient nutrients to improve growth and increase production. Here are various ways of applying fertilizer.

  • Side Dressing

This means dredging fertilizer besides your vegetables. You may want to scratch the soil using a stick, your finger, or a farm implement before adding fertilizer.

  • Top Dressing

Top dressing involves the application of fertilizer across your garden’s surface.

  • Foliar Feeding

This method involves mixing foliar fertilizer with water and spraying the mixture on the leaves. Organic liquid fertilizers can be used in this method.


Fertilizing your garden is an essential part of improving your soil and enhancing the production of your vegetables. If you are an organic gardener, you can easily make organic liquid fertilizer at home. Organic fertilizers don’t contain toxic chemicals as is the case with synthetic fertilizers.


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