How To Design A Ground Sprinkler System

How To Design A Ground Sprinkler System

Whether you are setting up work as a landscaper or simply want to ensure that your own outdoor space has appropriate irrigation, understanding the design of a ground sprinkler system is very important. What are the main tips and tricks to setting up a great system? Let’s take a look at a few of them.

Tip 1 – It’s Time To Gather Information

Firstly, you need to fully understand the needs of the project. This will involve measuring the outdoor space which will be treated by the sprinkler system, as well as the type of ground that will be covered.

As well as measuring your outdoor space you also need to measure your water supply. Remember, each space and project is unique so don’t fall into the trap of thinking that all are one and the same!

Tip 2 – It’s Time To Get Your Equipment

Depending on the type of system and design that you choose, you may need a substantial amount of equipment. Let’s look at a few of them now.

A Water Meter
If your water comes from a municipal water district or a water company, you likely already have a water meter. You may actually have a water meter without knowing about it! A few places to check are close to your water supply taps or in the basement, although other places are also possible. In the event that you do not have a water meter, you need to get yourself one.

A Backflow Preventer
This will make the water go on one direction and stop it from making its way back up in the wrong direction.

This is the pipe which runs from the water source to the irrigation area and is pressurized by water.

When it comes to valves used in irrigation, there are quiet a few! Allow us to outline some of the main ones.

Emergency Shut-Off Valve

This valve is located at the closest point to the water source. if you did not have an emergency shut-off valve, you would actually need to shut off the water to your whole property every time you need to do work on the irrigation valves or the mainline, a big inconvenience to say the least! A ball valve may prove to be the best option here, although butterfly valves and disk valves are also worth consideration. While these choices are more expensive that the standard gate vale, they tend to be more reliable and durable.

Irrigation Control Valves
These valves are responsible for putting the sprinklers on and off. In addition, they may be used for drip irrigation systems.

Sprinkler Heads
Sprinklers heads tend to fall into one of two categories, spray heads and rotors. Spray heads spray out a pattern of water that looks like a fan. Often these are available to match the area being irrigated, so if you have a long or narrow area you should be able to get a spray head to match your needs.

Rotors rotate streams of water in either circles or a back and forth fashion. While they did tend to be rather noisy in operation, more modern versions provide a much quieter way of working.

Indeed, the idea of designing a ground sprinkler system may seem like a daunting prospect to begin with, however it does not need to be a mission impossible. By gathering all of the information that you need for the project, as well as understanding and purchasing the right equipment for your specific needs, you are well on the way to designing a ground sprinkler system that will have your irrigation needs covered.


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